The famous children's TV programme Sesame street shows for the first time and the scanning electron microscope is invented.
On 20th July 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the moon, with the memorable words "This is one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind".
He was accompanied by Buzz Aldrin, and watched all over the world. Their spaceship, Apollo 11, had flown them 250,000 miles to the moon, and brought them all the way back to earth in complete safety.
The year after:
Buzz Aldrin's real name was Edwin and him and Neil Armstrong only had 10 seconds of fuel left when they landed!
The year before: