President Kennedy is shot and killed in Dallas, Texas by a lone gunman called Lee Harvey Oswald. Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President same day.
Valentina Tereshkova, the Russian Cosmonaut, became the first woman in space.
After her mission, Valentina became an important member of the Russian Government, and has been awarded many honours and prizes for her achievements. She even has a a crater on the far side of the Moon named after her!
The year after:
The year before:
It took the USA over twenty years to send their own female astronaut into space, when Sally Ride went to space in the space shuttle 'Challenger' in 1983.