The Cuban Missile Crisis occurs when the USSR starts to build missile bases in Cuba, just a few hundred miles from the shores of America. At one point, the two countries become closer to nuclear war than they have ever been.
The American fim star Marilyn Monroe also died in this year.
The USA became the first nation to launch an 'OSO' in this year, which stands for 'Orbiting Solar Observatory'.
The purpose of these was to look more closely at the sun's activity, and such missions have now become very important both to our understanding of the sun and by providing information on how to keep us safe from the sun's sometimes very harmful solar flares.
The year after:
The year before:
The USA's solar observatory has now been followed by many other 'space telescopes'. The most famous of these is the hubble space telescope, which has taken many detailed and incredible pictures of distant galaxies.