Barclays bank in England became the first ever bank to install a computer.
The 'Cuban revolution' ended in a country called Cuba, close to the coast of the USA, with a new president called Fidel Castro.
In this year the space race was really hotting up and both America and Russia wnated to be the first to land on the moon.
The Russians were the first to do this when their probe Luna 2 crash-landed into the moon. It carried three pennants made of metal, which had pictures of the Russian flag and a message on them.
The year after:
If the Russian Luna-2 moon probe had been carrying an astronaut it would have killed him as it hit the moon because it was travelling so fast!
Cuba was a 'communist' country like Russia, meaning that to the Americans it was like having a little piece of Russia just 90 miles from their coast!
The year before:
Fidel Castro takes power in Cuba.
The Russian 'Luna-2' moon probe