The year before:
The year after:
A lot of children had now seen the war develop for the last four years. Many of the boys were now experts at identifying German planes and had special 'spotter' books with pictures of the planes in. Dolls were still the favourite toy of many girls and some were made from rags because a lot of toy factories had been changed to produce guns, tanks and planes.
2nd February 1943: German forces surrender at Stalingrad in Russia.
16th-20th March 1943: German submarines (called ‘U-boats’) sink 27 merchant ships in the Atlantic.
13th May 1943: German and Italian forces surrender in North Africa.
16th-17th May 1943: The ‘Dambusters’ raid on the Ruhr valley in Germany uses ‘bouncing’ bombs that skim across the water like stones before exploding to break two large stone dams.
There were no televisions in the war, so families would gather around the radio for entertainment in the evening. However there was only one channel, which was the BBC, with hardly any children's programmes!
This was a very important year in the war. The Germans had begun to suffer a lot of heavy defeats which meant they were losing a lot of territory that they had conquered in the first few years of the war. They also stopped attacking ships in the Atlantic towards the end of the year, meaning that the lives of many sailors were saved.